The United States depends on natural waterbodies for municipal water supplies, transportation, commerce and recreation. However, many activities discharge pollutants that make water unsafe for human use or consumption and/or unable to sustain aquatic plant and animal life. Citizens who wanted to ensure that waterbodies were sustainably fishable and swimmable began the movement to control water pollution, including pollution carried by stormwater.
Understanding Stormwater Pollution
Water pollution is most commonly thought of as the direct discharge (whether intentional or unintentional) of debris, sediment or chemicals into a body of water. But water pollution may be the result of pollutants discharged away from a water source and carried to it by stormwater—e.g., rainfall, run-off, snow, snowmelt, etc.
History of Water Pollution Prevention
The United States first addressed water pollution through federal legislation in 1948 with the Federal Water Pollution Control Act. This act authorized the Surgeon General of Public health to create programs to reduce or eliminate water pollution.
The 1948 Act has been significantly amended, most notably in 1972 when the act was renamed The Clean Water Act (CWA), which expanded federal authority over water pollution prevention and mitigation programs. Among the amendments was the establishment of the National Pollution Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit that regulates pollutant discharge into stormwater.
Preventing Stormwater Pollution
Stormwater pollution prevention can be accomplished through a variety of methods, some structural, like silt fences and berms, some non-structural, like operational policies and employee training. The most effective stormwater pollution prevention plans (SWPPP) include both types of controls.
Superior StormWater Services, LLC in Albuquerque, NM has the expertise to help you develop a SWPPP that ensures NPDES permit compliance and meets the unique needs of your construction project or industrial operations. Our crew includes engineers and certified inspectors with years of experience in the field.
Contact us for stormwater pollution prevention controls that work to keep natural waterbodies clean.
Cost-effective stormwater pollution prevention solutions